Types of dryers

There are different types of clothes dryers; the airflow dryer, condenser dryer and heat pump dryer. The difference between these 3 types of dryers is quite big, so it’s important to know how to distinguish between them. Read everything you need to know about the types of dryers here, so you know which type of dryer is best for you.
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Different types of dryer

If you want to buy a new dryer, it is important to know that there are 3 types of dryers; the (air) extractor dryer, condenser dryer and heat pump dryer. Of these, the air hand dryer is a bit of the outlier. These are often older models and they operate a lot less energy efficient than their more modern competitors. What is also more characteristic of extractor dryers is the way in which the moisture is removed. This is because the moist air is led outside with a hose through a window or a hole in the wall.
Because the energy consumption of the extractor dryer is so high, we do not recommend this type of dryer. They are often cheaper to buy, but because they use so much energy, you end up spending more money on them. For that reason, we concentrate in this article more on condenser dryers and heat pump dryers.

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Condenser dryer vs heat pump dryer; the differences

Basically, both types of dryers do the same thing; they dry your laundry after washing it. They also remove the moisture extracted from your clothes in the same ways. With both a heat pump dryer and a condenser dryer, the moist air can be removed in two ways:

  1. The condensation is collected in a reservoir. This is a condensate tray, built into the dryer, that you need to empty after each drying cycle.
  2. You connect the dryer to the water drain. By connecting the dryer to the drain, you don’t have to worry about it at all – but it is important that you have a drain in the room where the dryer will be placed.

Apart from these similarities, there are some major differences between the condenser dryer and the heat pump dryer. Below you can read exactly what those differences are.

Energy consumption

The condenser dryer dries more economically than the extractor dryer, but the heat pump dryer is by far the most energy-efficient variant. Heat pump dryers are often more expensive to buy, but because they are so economical in drying, you will pay less in the long run. On average, a dryer lasts about 12 years. If you choose a heat pump dryer in energy class A+++ (the most energy-efficient) you can save up to 75 euros per year on your energy costs – compared to a condenser dryer with energy label B.

Effect on your laundry

Because a heat pump dryer dries your clothes at a lower temperature than a condenser dryer, your clothes will last longer. This is because a heat pump dryer works with a heat pump and a refrigerant, while the condensing dryer dries with a heating element. That hot air can be harmful to your clothes, and can cause them to shrink or wear out.

Duration of drying programs.

Because the heat pump dryer dries at a low temperature, however, it does take longer for all the clothes in the drum to dry. A heat pump dryer with energy label A+++ takes on average 2 hours and 45 minutes to dry a full load, while a condenser dryer only takes 2 hours and 45 minutes.

Dryers by family size

If you are looking for a new clothes dryer, the fill weight is one of the most important features to look for. This determines how big the drum of the dryer is, and therefore how much laundry can fit in it at one time. It is important to get a dryer that is in good proportion to the size of your household. If your dryer is too big, it will use more energy than is necessary for the amount of laundry. If it is too small, you will have to dry more often each week, which is not economical either.

If you can’t estimate how big your new dryer should be, we recommend looking at the fill weight of the washing machine. By choosing a dryer with at least as much fill weight as your washing machine, all your wet laundry can always go in the dryer. Are you buying a new washer and dryer? Then take a look at the following chart to help you decide which dryer is right for the size of your family.

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An energy-saving dryer has energy label A and uses less energy. When you invest in an energy-efficient dryer, you almost always recoup this investment.
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A quiet dryer makes little noise when spinning the wet laundry. Is your dryer near your bedroom or living room? Then consider a quiet dryer.
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Of course, how much you want to pay for your dryer is entirely up to your budget. A more expensive dryer will almost always have a longer life than a cheaper one.
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A large family requires a larger dryer, and also a higher fill weight. A smaller family will suffice with a dryer with a smaller fill weight.
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Dryers with and without a drain hose

The extractor dryer uses an exhaust hose to lead the warm air outside, either through a window or a hole in the wall. If you need a new dryer, however, we do not recommend these dryers because the energy consumption is very high. Condensation dryers dry a lot more economically, but the heat pump dryer is the best. With these last 2 types of dryers you have 2 options to get rid of the condensation; through a tank or with a hose to the water outlet.

If you don’t have a drain in your laundry room, the moisture can be collected in a reservoir. This requires a little more attention and maintenance, as you have to empty it into the sink after each drying cycle. If you do have a drain in the area of your dryer, we recommend this option. This way, you won’t have to worry about your dryer’s moisture at all.